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Cape Verde

The name of the Anthem: "Song of Freedom"

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Per capita income  Cape Verde 1996 (The year the anthem was adopted)  To learn more about this country click here:

Cape Verde

Quiz from your reading

      1.        Cape Verde is said to have been discovered by the portuguese
around 1456 by a Portuguese navigator by the name of António
de Noli. King Afonso V sent him back to the islands to serve
as governor of Cape  Verde.  Shortly after, Portuguese settlers
started coming to settle on the islands. It is noted that the
archipelago prospered from the transatlantic slave trade. By 1951
the Portuguese changed Cape Verde from a colony to an overseas
province so that the people of the Island would see themselves 
more as citizens of Portugual rather than colonial people.  The
reason is that the people of Cape Verde were becoming very
nationalistic wanting to declare independence from Portugual.

Amicar Cabral and a few of his nationalist friends decided to
organize clandestinely to fight for their independence. They
organized a party call PAIGC (Africn Party for the Independence
of Guinea and Cape Verde. Their demands were  to improve
the social, political, and economic conditions of the people and
to also demand for the independence of Cape Verde and the
Portuguese Guinea.  Sékou Touré was able to give them the
Sanctuary and the protection to carry out their liberation plans.
After they won their struggle in Portuguese Guiena, they
turned their attention to liberate Cape Verde. by 1974, PAIGC
started intensifying its liberation struggles in Cape Verde.
In December of 1974 PAIGC and Portugal signed an
agreement providing for transitional government of
Portuguese and Cape Verdeans.  An elected National Assembly
was on its way.  July 5, 1975 became the date for the
independence of Cape Verde. After the independence of Cape Verde, many things happened. There was a coup in
Guinea-Bissau in 1980 that strained the relationship between
the two nations.  Eventually, the relationship was mended.  
But they hope for uniting the countries was abandoned.  


My question is, would it have been a good idea for Guinea-
Bissau and Cape Verde to have united as one nation or is it
 better that they did not unite after all?


2. The countries in the red are the countries in Africa that were colonized by Portugal. Portugal is a small European country, poor and weakened by wars of the 19th century. It was not able to hold on very long to the lands it claimed. In Africa, it colonized: São Tomé & Príncipe, Cape Verde Islands, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and between 1474 - 1778 Equatorial Guinea was colonized by Portugal. Besides Spanish and French, the people of Equatorial Guinea adopted Protuguese as their 3rd language. African Countries Colonized by Portugal __________________________________________ 3. The issue of educaion is of concern. Between the ages of 6 to 14, all children are expected to be in school. Primary education is free and mandatory. The nation is committed to education, but as we have learned, creole is spoken by almost everyone in the country. Most of the teachers and students do not have command of the language of instruction- Portuguese. It is reported that about 85% of the total population over 15 years of age is literarte. What makes the story even beautiful is the fact that textbooks are available to 90% of the school children and 90% of the teachers have attended in-service teacher training. In Praia, the capital city, there is a Teachers' Training College. My question is: Even though education is accessable to all children, while do some teachers and students have poor command of Portuguese? Why are there high repetition rates in some grades? Are there colleges and universities in Cape Verde? What are the names of those colleges and universities and in which municipalities are they located? 4. The issue of immigration is of critical concern for the islands. It is believed that more Cape Verdeans live outside the country than those living in the country. It is estimated that about 500,000 Cape Verdeans live in the United States of America. Most of them live in the New England states which include Providence, Rhode Island, and New Bedford, Massachusetts. According to Wikipedia, Cape Verdeans in other countries are estimated at: 1. Portugal 150,000 2. Angola 45,000 3. São Tomé & Príncipe 25,000 4. Senegal 25,000 5. The Netherlands 20,000 6. France 25,000 7. Luxembourg 7,000 8. Scandinavia 7,000 9. Italy 10,000 10. Spain 12,000 11. Argentina 8,000 __________________________________ It must be noted that even though most of the Cape Verdeans have moved out of the islands into other countries, people of other countries are also migrating to Cape Verde. It is estimated that 300,000 Chinese immigrants are in Cape Verde. About 72% of the population comprises of Africans from the mainland, especially from West Africa. The population of Cape Verde has 17% European citizens and Brazilians. My question is: What are the reasons for this mass migration of the people of Cape Verde into other countries while many people from China, West Africa and South America are finding the Islands to be some of the the best places to live? What would you suggest as the reasons for the mass immigration problem? What could be attracting other nationals to Cape Verde that most Cape Verdeans do not see? 5. Cape Verde comprises of 10 islands. a. In which of these 10 islands is the capital city Praia found? b. What is the name of the Island? c. What is the polulation of the capital city Praia? d. Is Praia one of the Municipalities within the Barlavento Islands in the North? e. Is Praia one of the Municipalities in the Sotavento Islands in the South? PLEASE SEE THE MAP ABOVE Barlavento Islands (North) 1. Santo Antão 2. São Vicente 3. Santa Luzia 4. São Nicolau 5. Sal 6. Boa Vista Sotavento Islands (South) 7. Maio 8. Santiago 9. Fogo 10. Brava Cape Verde is divided into 22 municipalities and 32 civil parishes. The Islands are traditionally divided into 2 geographic regions: Barlavento Islands (6 islands in the north) and Sotavento (4 Islands) in the south. Is there any administrative meaning to this division? 6. What  year was the Cape Verde National Anthem adopted? 
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
Lyrics by_________________________Music by_______________________
Since when did they start using the Anthem?  19____?  
a. 1965     
b. 1966     
c. 1960     
d. 1996     
e.  2005     
f. None of the Above
g.    The Name of the National Anthem___________________________

7. What was Cape Verde's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2012?

8. These are two major languages spoken in Cape Verde: Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole. It is interesting to note that the Cape Verdean Creole is sometimes referred to as Kriolu. There are several dialects of this Portuguese-based creole. The dialect varies from island to island. For example, the Santiago Creole is not exactly the same as the Creole spoken in São Vicente. Creole is spoken by mixed black and white. It is also revealed that the study of the people of Cape Verde shows that "Cape Verde is predominantly European in the male line and West African in the female line, counted together the percentage is 57% African and 43% European." Cape Verde is not an anglo-phone country. It is not a francophone country, it is a lusophone country because English is not spoken here, French is not spoken here, but Portuguese is spoken here, that is why they call it a lusophone (Africa). Is this TRUE? OR FALSE?       ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 9.    What is the political structure of Cape Verde Since the independence of Cape Verde it has had how many political parties?          1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of Cape Verde adhere to and what percentage of the population practices it? a.     African Traditional Religions?_______% b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity?_________% 1. Roman Catholic__________% 2. Protestant___________% 3. Eastern Orthodox________% c. Islam______________% d. Hinduism__________% e. Buddhism__________% f. Judaism____________%


Lyrics[edit source | editbeta]

Portuguese lyrics English translation
Canta, irmão
canta meu irmão
que a Liberdade é hino
e o Homem a certeza.
Com dignidade, enterra a semente
no pó da ilha nua
No despenhadeiro da vida a esperança é
do tamanho do mar
que nos abraça
Sentinela de mares e ventos
entre estrelas
e o Atlântico
entoa o cântico da Liberdade
Canta, irmão
canta meu irmão
que a Liberdade é hino
e o Homem a certeza.
Sing, brother
Sing, my brother
For Freedom is a hymn
And Man a certainty
With dignity, bury the seed
In the dust of the naked island
In life's precipice
Hope is as big as the sea
Which embraces us
Sentinel of the seas and winds
between stars
and the Atlantic
sing the Chant of Freedom
Sing, brother
sing, my brother
for Freedom is a hymn
and Man a certainty.

_______________________________________ SOURCES:
Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) . Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas


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