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São Tomé and Príncipe


Per capita income 
         The name of the Anthem: "Total Independence" 1975 São Tomé & Príncipe (This year the Anthem was adopted)

                   To learn more about this country click here:  
São Tomé & Príncipe


1. The São Tomé and Príncipe is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Gulf of Guinea located at the northwestern coast
of Gabon.  This is a Portuguese-speaking nation.  It comprises of
two archipelagos.  São Tomé is located just north of the equator. These two islands make up the second smallest African country
and the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.  Seychelles is the 
Smallest African country.

My question is, if Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa,
which country is the largest country in Africa?

   2.  Before the Portuguese came to this island, São Tomé & Príncipe,
there were no inhabitants living there.  The portuguese came to the island in 1470.  When João de Santarém and Pedro Escobar discovered
the islands, they decided that these islands will be the ideal place to
use as a base where Portugual can maintain settlement and  trade
with Africa.   Right away, they named the two major islands.  
The island in the north was named in honor of the Prince of Portugal
to whom duties on the island's sugar crop were paid. It was first
named Antão (St. Anthony) but later changed to (llha do Príncipe
(Prince's Island).  In 1500, Prínciple was settled. São Tomé was
settled in 1493. Both islands were settled under the agreement as
a grant from the crown of Portugal.  These islands were very
fertile for growing sugar cane because the volcanic soil was conducive
for growing sugar cane.  Therefore, this became a sugar cane 
plantation for Portugal.  Within about a hundred years, the
sugar business went on successfully, but eventually declined because
there were better quality sugar cane produced in the Western
Hemisphere that competed with the production on the islands.
Portugal was no longer able to invest in this enterprise.  Therefore,
they have to change their focus.  The island later became a transit 
point for the slave ships that were transporting slaves from 
Africa to the Western countries.  While sugar cane was no longer
the major cash crop on the island, they transitioned to planting
cocoa and coffee. Again, these two crops proved to be well fitted
for the volcanic soil.  Plantations were established all over the 
place for planting coffee and cocoa.  They named the plantations, 
"roças."  The rich portuguses landlords and business owners have
reached their "eureka,"  they have discovered the solution to 
the acquisition of wealth through the coffee and cocoa plantations
from the islands of São Tomé & Príncipe.  Beginning 1908,
São Tomé & Príncipe became the world's largest producer of cocoa. To this date, cocoa is the most important crop in São Tomé & Príncipe. It must be noted here that the "roças" system gave the plantations managers enormous power and authority over the African workers to the point where the Africans workers on these plantations were used, misused and abused without any recourse or redress. In spite of the fact that Portugual abolished slavery since 1876, the treatment of African workers on the plantations in São Tomé & Príncipe was as bad as slavery. The working conditions on those plantations were unacceptable and unsatisfactory. They continued their practice of forced labor for many years. This is how Wikipedia documented the situation. ______ "Sporadic labor unrest and dissatisfaction continued well into the 20th century, culminating in an outbreak of riots in 1953 in which several hundred African laborers were killed in a clash with their Portuguese rulers. This "Batepá Massacre" remains a major event in the colonial history of the islands, and its anniversary is officially observed by the government."
y question is, did the workers on the sugar cane plantations 
suffer the same kind of degradations and hard slave labor as
those who worked on the coffee and cocoa "reças?"  

   3. By 1950, the proliferation of nation independence movements fermenting all over Africa, leading on into the 1960's gave some impetus or energy to the liberation movements in São Tomé & Príncipe. The country of Gabon was used as the base and support for their liberation movement. By this time, Portugal was being weakened by the overthrow of the Caetano dictatorship in Portugal in April 1974. When a new regime came into power in Portugal, the regime was interested in resolving some of the problems Portugal overseas colonies were facing. In the main time the people of São Tomé & Príncipe that have started to map out strategies for their liberation, form a political called MLSTP, Movement for the liberation of São Tomé & Príncipe. As indicated earlier, the base of this movement was in Gabon. Eventually, on July 12, 1975, São Tomé & Príncipe became an independent country. Manuel Pinto da Costa was elected the first President. My question is, what were some of the strategies employed by MLSTP to gain the independence of São Tomé & Príncipe?

   4. From your reading, can you describe the eduational and health
systems of São Tomé & Príncipe?

   5. What is the most common language in São Tomé and Príncipe?

6. What  year was the São Tomé and Príncipe National Anthem adopted?
And what is the Name of the National Anthem?  Who composed it?
a. 1965
b. 1978
c. 1975
d. 1951
e.  2005
f. None of the Above
g. The Name of the National Anthem________________________

7. What was São Tomé and Príncipe.s GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
for 2012?
8. Comoros comprises of 4 major islands and several small islands. They are all located in the volcanic Comoros archipelago. 1. The Grande Comoroe on the northweast. Here is where the National Capital and largest City, Moroni is located, at Ngazidja. 2. Moheli, on the southwest with its capital at Fomboni 3. Anjouan on the southeast with its capital at Mutsamudu 4. Mayotte is still a contested island. It is located south with its capital city at Dzumogné         9.    What is the political structure of this country, São Tomé and Príncipe?
1 0. Which Religion do most of the people of São Tomé and Príncipe adhere to? a.     African Traditional Religions? b. Christianity--Which Brand of Christianity? 1. Roman Catholic 2. Protestant 3. Eastern Orthodox c. Islam d. Hinduism e. Buddhism f.
Portuguese lyrics English translation
Independência total,
Glorioso canto do povo,
Independência total,
Hino sagrado de combate.
Na luta nacional,
Juramento eterno
No pais soberano de São Tomé e Príncipe.
Guerrilheiro da guerra sem armas na mão,
Chama viva na alma do porvo,
Congregando os filhos das ilhas
Em redor da Pátria Imortal.
Independência total, total e completa,
Costruindo, no progresso e na paz,
A nação ditosa da Terra,
Com os braços heróicos do povo.
Trabalhando, lutando, presente em vencendo,
Caminhamos a passos gigantes
Na cruzada dos povos africanos,
Hasteando a bandeira nacional.
Voz do porvo, presente, presente em conjunto,
Vibra rijo no coro da esperança
Ser herói no hora do perigo,
Ser herói no ressurgir do País.
Na luta nacional,
Juramento eterno
No pais soberano de São Tomé e Príncipe.
Total independence,
Glorious song of the people,
Total independence,
Sacred hymn of combat.
In the national struggle,
Eternal oath
To the sovereign country of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Warriors in the war without weapons,
Live flame in the soul of the people,
Congregating the sons of the islands
Around the Immortal Fatherland.
Total independence, total and complete,
Building, in progress and peace,
With the heroic hands of the people,
The happiest nation on earth.
Working, struggling, struggling and conquering,
We go ahead with giant steps
In the crusade of the African peoples,
Raising the national flag.
Voice of the people, present, present and united,
Strong beat in the heart of hope
To be a hero in the hour of peril,
A hero of the Nation's resurgence.
In the national struggle,
Eternal oath
To the sovereign country of São Tomé and Príncipe.

SOURCES: Courtesy of

“Canada »” Accessed August 5, 2013) . Google

Wikipedia Complete National-Anthems-World-Edition-2013 Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  National anthems of the world Nationalhymnen der Welt. Free download
The World Atlas


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